4Ds T&D Inc.

       
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 WHY DO BUSINESS WITH 4D's T&D INC. 

Best of 2017 Award. https://www.4dselectrical.com   https://www.4dselectrical.com   Best of 2017 Award. https://www.4dselectrical.com

 It is our policy to make your online shopping experience a safe and enjoyable one by offering the best possible service, great products, competitive prices and a secure online environment while surfacing on our website, all the way to checkout. Your financial information is secured with end to end encryption and also with online automation. We do not see, stored or process your financial transactions. This is automatically processed via your ‘card processing bank’ or ‘institution’.  

To attain real success, always look for every reason to do that which must be done. Let circumstances beyond your best efforts be the ONLY barrier, between you and your goals but remember, your fight never stops here. This is the point at which a new battle and a new path begins. 4Ds T&D Inc. _ 41RN125Y        Scaling Up to the top - https://4DsElectrical.com              A Team Effort For Success - https://4DsElectrical.com         

Here's a list below of some reasons why you should Shop Confidently with us -:

  • Our products are carefully selected from reputable manufactures and supply houses both locally and abroad; with an emphasis on locally manufactured goods.
  • The products we offered are competitively priced relative to similar or same products on the market, offered by other sellers.
  • We made our best efforts to offer the lowest prices possible so that you can enjoy the saving and keep more money in your pockets or have the option to shop more for less.   
  •  All orders come with a secure return guarantee if you're not satisfied.   
  •  Most of our ‘store products’ offered online are qualified for FREE SHIPPING.
  • You may also take advantage of our frequent discount offered, random price drop, holiday give-a-ways and sale prices when you sign-up to our ‘email list’.  This feature is offered only to customers and visitors that sign-up and choose price alert. Click the bell at the bottom left corner when you find a product that you have an interest in and will like to keep track on it when the price dropped. You will be automatically notified via the email you used to sign-up
  •  We accept many forms of payment including all major credit or debit card payment to make shopping fun and easy for you. See payment options at check out.
  • We offer PayPal payment option because we do believer it's one of the safest and best way to pay for your goods or services online. With PayPal, you are protected in the event of a (unlikely) dispute regarding an exchange or refund. So, shop with us (4D's T&D Inc.) and enjoy the comfort of safety and protection all the way home. 
  • Our automated system allows you to leave us a note, or to send us a message with any relevant information pertaining to your order or shipment.  
  • More discount on the table for you – Refer us to your friends and families and get an additional 5-20% discount on your next purchase.
  • Last but not least, if you have any question or concern, feel free to send your questions or concerns by clicking the 'Contact Us' page  above, or call us at any number on that page. When you call, you have an option to leave 'us' a call back number or your contact info; if no one is available to take your call at that very moment. Your message will be answered promptly or in the order in which it was received. Text messages are also welcome but you must first check to see if you may incur charges from your carrier.

The Egg Basket Trust? https://www.4dselectrical.com

Posted 05m-27/2019:

 Here's a quote for you - "Never put all your eggs in one basket" - This is true today as it was hundred of years ago. Let's think for a moment.   What will happen if you put all your savings into one bank and there is a dispute of some sort, with you and that bank? What if you decided to use only one telephone service provider for all your services and one day it decided to suspend your service over a dispute? What if your income is from a single source and that source suddenly ceases to function? With reference to the subject, what if you put all your eggs into one basket and the basket suddenly got destroyed? This is the question we all should be asking ourselves, before making major decisions that can significantly impacted our lives and those that depend on us. Posted 05m-27/2019


Posted 05m-30/2019:

A Quote for you - "All truth passes through three stagesFirst, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as self-evident." - Arthur Schopenhauer.


Stock Market Investment. https://www.4dselectrical.com

Posted 05m-01/2019:

What is it about the Stock Market? Is it a safe place to invest your money? - 'The stock market' is similar to a Ponzi scheme because it is a system where the current investors' profits are dependent on the inflow of cash from new investors. The myth is, profits from stocks come from the earnings and growth of the underlying company. The reality is, profits from buying and selling stocks come from other investors who are buying and selling stocks. When one investor buys low and sells high, another investor is also buying high and needs to sell for even higher.
The truth really is just that simple. But, some of you might be thinking, "But stocks are ownership instruments, some stocks pay dividends, some companies buy back shares, people have made money, etc."
I'm familiar with those ideas because I used to work in finance and defended the legitimacy of the stock market with those same textbook responses. But then, I thought about it for many years at very deep levels--researched the history of stocks, studied S.E.C. filings--and realized that there is a massive difference between the textbook ideas from school and what actually happens in practice. People also have a tendency to rationalize and ignore the obvious when it goes against what they want to believe.  The outcome of the years of meditation is this short book that explains the simple truth about how stocks really work. It doesn't matter if you love stocks or hate them. You should know the truth about where your money goes the moment you buy a stock. You can read this book to be a better gambler or read it to avoid the world's biggest scam. You will learn something unique here that you will not find elsewhere, and you will never forget what you learn. True ideas will never disappear. It can be covered, and we can get distracted, but the truth never goes away and becomes self-evident over time. This is not a story that will disappear after another market crash. It is an idea that will remain relevant for as long as the stock market exists" - Arthur SchopenhauerPosted: 05m-01/2019


PROS and CONS of the  INCANDESCENT LIGHT BULB: 

Pic -Incandescent Screw-in Light Bulb 3.  https://www.4dselectrical.com  Picture - Incandescent Screw-in Light Bulb 9b.  https://www.4dselectrical.com

Posted Winter 2018:   

This type of bulb is commonly called the house bulbs or screw-in 'A' type lamp, medium Edison - E26 base. There're another of this type called, the socket-fitted base types as well, mostly found in Europe.  This electrical light bulb was most commonly used until recently in the USA, then came the introduction of the fluorescent light bulbs and then the LEDs lamps/ light bulbs. The incandescent light bulb carried an internal tungsten wire coil, called the filament and is surrounded in a glass enclosure filled with a gas called argon; which is the most commonly used gas in these bulbs.  The standard incandescent light bulbs are the least efficient (in terms of energy savings. Only about 10 % of energy is used for light and about 90 % is wasted as heat and they carried a shorter lifespan) form of electrical lighting as was widely used in homes up until recently as 2014 - 2015; when it was regulated and restricted by law in the USA - [Con]. 

When an electric current pass thru this tiny coil, it gets heated-up and produces that visible glow of light. An environmental study claims they gives off a significant amount of carbon dioxide [con]. During normal use, the bulb gets hot and can explode and a surge in electrical power can also cause an explosion of these light bulbs which may result in an electrical fire, as is the case in some reported instances [con]. They are less expensive and easier to install and replace in most cases - [pro]. A common myth and  practice by many folks is that, they would shake the bulb to determine whether it's good or not.  This practice is potentially destructive to the filament inside the bulb, especially if the bulb was previously in use. Shaking the bulb can cause the filament to break, making the bulb useless. A used bulb is more vulnerable to shaking because the filament of a used bulb is much weaker than a new bulb, due to heating while previously in use. The best way to determine if the bulb is good or bad, you must use an electrical tester or sometimes called a meter (you can find such simple testers available on this website, very inexpensive) or try the bulb in a known working bulb socket. Alternatively, CFL (compact fluorescent lamps) and LED (light emitting diodes) are more efficient, last longer but at the same-time, they place a higher environmental impact due to mercury and other carcinogenic contents. They emit unhealthy levels of UV radiation and carcinogens and can also catch on fire or burn the skin, as was reported  in a study of 2014.

Posted Winter 2018


THE "CORDLESS DRILL" Vs THE "IMPACT DRILL/DRIVER": 

Cordless Drill. https://www.4dselectrical.com

Poasted Winter 2018:

A cordless drill/driver is a versatile tool that's designed to drill holes and drive screws. Its key-less chuck accepts a wide variety of round- and hex-shank drill bits and screw-driving bits, as well as hole saws, rotary sanders, wire-wheel brushes, and other accessories. All cordless drill/drivers are also equipped with a slip clutch that allows you to adjust the amount of torque for precise, consistent screw-driving.

An impact driver looks similar to a drill/driver but for one noticeable distinction—instead of a key-less chuck, it has a collector that accepts hex-shank driver bits. This tool is specially engineered to do one job: drive screws, which it does faster and easier than any other tool. Impact drivers can drive long, large fasteners—including fat lag screws—that would stall the very best drill/driver.

The impact driver uses both bit rotation and concussive blows to power-drive screws through the thickest, densest woods. The result of this combo is raw, unadulterated power. In fact, impact drivers typically deliver two to three times more turning force (torque) than the average drill/driver. How powerful? During a recent Popular Mechanics tool test, one 18-volt impact driver drove an astonishing 138 3-inch lag screws on a single charge. Despite its brute strength, an impact driver is easy and comfortable to use because the concussive action transfers much of that high-energy torque directly to the screw, not to your wrist or forearm. (An impact driver does not have a slip clutch, but the concussive action allows you to drive screws with great control and precision.)

So, if you're planning projects that require driving a ton of screws, or a lot of very large or long screws, then consider an impact driver. For example, impact drivers are ideal for building decks, installing tile backer board, and screwing down plywood sub-floors. If you're not planning to work on such projects, you might want to stick with the versatility of the cordless drill/driver. However, the gap between these two useful tools might be closing: Some manufacturers now offer drill chucks and other hole-drilling accessories for use in an impact driver - Popular Mechanics.Posted Winter 2018


DO YOU WORK FOR YOUR MONEY OR YOUR MONEY WORK FOR YOU? - "It is said that most people work for their money rather than have their money work for them"

The Money Working Concept 1   https://www.4dselectrical.com

Posted Spring 2018:

"The problem with working for your money is that you pay more in taxes as your income goes up. Working hard to earn more money and then giving it away in higher taxes isn't financially intelligent, even if you do put some of it into a retirement account. On the other hand, making your money work hard for you means your earnings are taxed less, if at all" - Robert Kiyosaki.

So how do I do that, you may ask?  - There are ways to save more money on your taxes but you must first hire the savvy, knowledgeable professionals to do your tax filing for you and not just anyone. Laws are constantly being changed and updated to the tax-payers benefits but if you or your tax-preparation office or personal do not know about these changes and benefits, you stand to lose rather than gain. This is one of the simplest ways in doing just that, saving more money on your taxes. Did this help?
Posted Spring 2018

Paying a Living Wage to Your Workers:
Engineering and Technology. https://www.4dselectrical.com Working the 9 to 5 job. https://www.4dselectrical.com
“No business which depends for existence on paying less than living wages to its workers has no right to continue in this country” – Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Laws vs Moral Conscience:
Law vs Moral Conscience. https://www.4dselectrical.com        Law vs Moral Conscience. https://www.4dselectrical.com      Law vs Moral Conscience. https://www.4dselectrical.com
Posted March 2018:
Doesn’t it seem like a significant portion of our laws in our hemisphere are crafted, supported and maintained by the one percent population, over the 99% (ninety nine percent) of the remaining population?

How dare we also give such power to that 'one percent' (tiny group) to exercise their will and control over the social dynamics of the rest of the population with little to no accountability?

As we all can clearly see the result;  they in-turn used that 'self-proclaim privilege' to keep themselves in power by continually exploiting the human labor resource and the natural God given resources of the earth in order to maintain their unconscionable privilege way of life, at the expense of us, the so-called lesser mortals. Any comment?

Below is a copy of a letter I have received March 2018. I'm happy to share it with my viewers in an attempt to awaken our consciousness to our plight as far as the criminal justice (or should I say the 'criminal injustice') system in New York is concern.  TODAY MAY BE MY REALITY AS A VICTIM OF THIS CROOKED SYSTEM AND TOMORROW MAY BE YOURS

 Tell Cuomo and lawmakers we will not wait:

Make New York a national leader in criminal justice reform
TAKE ACTION
  
Share this:  
"New York’s criminal justice system is inadequate, unfair and deeply broken.

Each year, tens of thousands of New Yorkers who have not been convicted of a crime are stuck behind bars, pulled away from their work and their families, because they can’t afford to pay bail. A slow and backlogged court system drags out their injustice, as they wait months – or even years – for trial.

Worse still, these injustices disproportionately hurt people of color and poor New Yorkers. We need real criminal justice reform – and we need it NOW.

TAKE ACTION: Tell the governor and lawmakers they must pass legislation that fulfills the promise of fairness and justice. We need real reform of our bail, speedy trial and discovery laws.

In the coming weeks, legislative leaders will negotiate our state budget, and with it, a series of criminal justice reform measures introduced by the governor and lawmakers in the Senate and Assembly. In these negotiations, lawmakers must not trade away real reform.

New Yorkers charged with minor offenses should not spend time locked up, period. No one should be in jail because of the size of their bank account. Jail time before trial should be rare, used only when there is absolutely no other way to ensure someone returns to court.

We must live up to our constitutional guarantee of a right to trial within a reasonable timeframe. The tragedy of Kalief Browder, who spent three years on Rikers Island without being convicted of any crime, shows the horrors possible in our current system. We cannot allow people to suffer in jail because a court is understaffed or busy.

We also need "discovery" reform which would ensure open, early and automatic access to all evidence collected by prosecutors so New Yorkers aren’t defending themselves with one hand tied behind their backs.

Tell lawmakers – make New York a national leader in criminal justice reform. New Yorkers will not wait any longer for a fairer system.

We have all heard President Trump and Attorney General Sessions’ regressive, tough-on-crime worldview – one that would subject thousands more New Yorkers to the criminal justice system. Let’s show them that we won’t move backward. Let’s prove that in New York our rights and protections mean something".

Thank you for fighting injustice,

Donna Lieberman
Executive Director
New York Civil Liberties Union


Posted Feb 2020:

YouTube Terms of Service and How it May Affect the Way We do Business with YouTube Online, Now or in the Future:
Our Terms of Service have been updated.
This summary is designed to help you understand some of the key updates we’ve made to our Terms of Service (Terms). We hope this serves as a useful guide, but please ensure you read the new Terms in full.
Welcome to YouTube!
This section outlines our relationship with you. It includes a description of the Service, defines our Agreement, and names your service provider. Key updates:
Service Provider. Your service provider is now Google LLC.
Policies. We have added a link to the Policy, Safety and Copyright Policies, and our Advertising on YouTube Policies, which all form part of the Agreement. These are the policies that underpin our Community Guidelines, and we wanted to make sure to call out this detail to you upfront in our Terms.
Affiliates. To ensure you understand exactly who we mean when we talk about our group companies, we’ve included a definition of our “Affiliates”, meaning the companies in the Alphabet corporate group.
Who May Use the Service?
This section sets out certain requirements for use of the Service, and defines categories of users. Key updates:
Age Requirements. We have stated the specific age requirements for your country, reflecting our Google wide policies, and included a notice that, if you are a minor in your country, you must always have your parent or guardian’s permission before using the Service.
Parental Permission. We’ve added a section to explain your responsibility if you allow your child to use YouTube.
Businesses. Our Terms now make clear that, if you are using the Service on behalf of a company or organisation, that business accepts this Agreement.
Your Use of the Service
This section explains your rights to use the Service, and the conditions that apply to your use of the Service. It also explains how we may make changes to the Service. Key updates:
Google Accounts and YouTube Channels. We’ve provided details about which features of the Service can be accessed without a Google account or YouTube channel, and which features require one.
Your Information. We haven’t made any changes to the way we treat your information. You can read about our privacy practices by reviewing the Privacy Policy and YouTube Kids Privacy Notice. As a reminder, you can always review your privacy settings and manage your data and personalisation by visiting your Google Account.
Restrictions. We have updated this section to reflect our requirements around contests, and to include a prohibition on manipulating metrics.  
Service Changes. We have improved our Terms to be more transparent about why we might need to make changes to the Service, and provided a commitment to give you notice when those changes might affect you.
Your Content and Conduct
This section applies to users who provide Content to the Service. It defines the scope of the permissions that you grant by uploading your Content, and includes your agreement not to upload anything that infringes on anyone else’s rights. Key updates:
License. We’ve clarified the content license you grant us to make it easier to understand. We’re not asking for additional permissions and there’s no difference in how we’re using your content.
Duration. We have removed the right for YouTube to use your comments in perpetuity.
Removals. We have included a link to the tools you will need to remove your content, as well as a clear description about why we might need to take down content, and how to appeal removals. 
Analyzing Content. We may automatically analyze content on YouTube, to help detect abuse and keep the platform safe.
Account Suspension and Termination
This section explains how you and YouTube may terminate this relationship. Key updates:
Terminations. Our Terms now include more details about when we might need to terminate our Agreement with bad actors. We provide a greater commitment to give notice when we take such action and what you can do to appeal if you think we’ve got it wrong. We’ve also added instructions for you, if you decide you no longer want to use the Service.
About Software in the Service
This section includes details about software on the Service. Key updates:
Software Licences. We’ve made the software licence we grant you more specific, and included some details around open source.
Other Legal Terms
This section includes our service commitment to you. It also explains that there are some things we will not be responsible for. Key updates:
Our liability. We’ve made changes to the disclaimers and limitations of liability in the Terms.
About this Agreement
This section includes some further important details about our contract, including what to expect if we need to make changes to these Terms; or which law applies to them. Key updates:
Modifications. We want to give you the chance to review future material updates to these Terms.
Still have questions?
You can also find further details in our Help Center.
-----
Terms of Service
Dated: December 10, 2019
Welcome to YouTube!
Introduction
Thank you for using the YouTube platform and the products, services and features we make available to you as part of the platform (collectively, the “Service”).  
Our Service
he Service allows you to discover, watch and share videos and other content, provides a forum for people to connect, inform, and inspire others across the globe, and acts as a distribution platform for original content creators and advertisers large and small. We provide lots of information about our products and how to use them in our Help Center. Among other things, you can find out about YouTube Kids, the YouTube Partner Program and YouTube Paid Memberships and Purchases (where available).You can also read all about enjoying content on other devices like your television, your games console, or Google Home.
Your Service Provider
The entity providing the Service is Google LLC, a company operating under the laws of Delaware, located at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043 (referred to as “YouTube”, “we”, “us”, or “our”). References to YouTube’s “Affiliates” in these terms means the other companies within the Alphabet Inc. corporate group (now or in the future).
Applicable Terms
Your use of the Service is subject to these terms, the YouTube Community Guidelines and the Policy, Safety and Copyright Policies which may be updated from time to time (together, this "Agreement"). Your Agreement with us will also include the Advertising on YouTube Policies if you provide advertising or sponsorships to the Service or incorporate paid promotions in your content. Any other links or references provided in these terms are for informational use only and are not part of the Agreement.
Please read this Agreement carefully and make sure you understand it. If you do not understand the Agreement, or do not accept any part of it, then you may not use the Service.
Who may use the Service?
Age Requirements
You must be at least 13 years old to use the Service. However, children of all ages may use YouTube Kids (where available) if enabled by a parent or legal guardian.
Permission by Parent or Guardian
If you are under 18, you represent that you have your parent or guardian’s permission to use the Service. Please have them read this Agreement with you.
If you are a parent or legal guardian of a user under the age of 18, by allowing your child to use the Service, you are subject to the terms of this Agreement and responsible for your child’s activity on the Service. You can find tools and resources to help you manage your family’s experience on YouTube in our Help Center and through Google’s Family Link.
Businesses
If you are using the Service on behalf of a company or organisation, you represent that you have authority to act on behalf of that entity, and that such entity accepts this Agreement.
Your Use of the Service
Content on the Service
The content on the Service includes videos, audio (for example music and other sounds), graphics, photos, text (such as comments and scripts), branding (including trade names, trademarks, service marks, or logos), interactive features, software, metrics, and other materials whether provided by you, YouTube or a third-party (collectively, "Content”).
Content is the responsibility of the person or entity that provides it to the Service. YouTube is under no obligation to host or serve Content. If you see any Content you believe does not comply with this Agreement, including by violating the Community Guidelines or the law, you can report it to us.
Google Accounts and YouTube Channels
You can use parts of the Service, such as browsing and searching for Content, without having a Google account. However, you do need a Google account to use some features. With a Google account, you may be able to like videos, subscribe to channels, create your own YouTube channel, and more. You can follow these instructions to create a Google account.
Creating a YouTube channel will give you access to additional features and functions, such as uploading videos, making comments or creating playlists (where available). Here are some details about how to create your own YouTube channel.
To protect your Google account, keep your password confidential. You should not reuse your Google account password on third-party applications. Learn more about keeping your Google account secure, including what to do if you learn of any unauthorised use of your password or Google account.
Your Information
Our Privacy Policy explains how we treat your personal data and protect your privacy when you use the Service. The YouTube Kids Privacy Notice provides additional information about our privacy practices that are specific to YouTube Kids.
We will process any audio or audiovisual content uploaded by you to the Service in accordance with the YouTube Data Processing Terms, except in cases where you uploaded such content for personal purposes or household activities. Learn More.
Permissions and Restrictions
You may access and use the Service as made available to you, as long as you comply with this Agreement and applicable law. You may view or listen to Content for your personal, non-commercial use. You may also show YouTube videos through the embeddable YouTube player.
The following restrictions apply to your use of the Service. You are not allowed to:
access, reproduce, download, distribute, transmit, broadcast, display, sell, license, alter, modify or otherwise use any part of the Service or any Content except: (a) as expressly authorized by the Service; or (b) with prior written permission from YouTube and, if applicable, the respective rights holders;
circumvent, disable, fraudulently engage with, or otherwise interfere with any part of the Service (or attempt to do any of these things), including security-related features or features that (a) prevent or restrict the copying or other use of Content or (b) limit the use of the Service or Content;
access the Service using any automated means (such as robots, botnets or scrapers) except (a) in the case of public search engines, in accordance with YouTube’s robots.txt file; or (b) with YouTube’s prior written permission; 
collect or harvest any information that might identify a person (for example, usernames), unless permitted by that person or allowed under section (3) above;
use the Service to distribute unsolicited promotional or commercial content or other unwanted or mass solicitations;
cause or encourage any inaccurate measurements of genuine user engagement with the Service, including by paying people or providing them with incentives to increase a video’s views, likes, or dislikes, or to increase a channel’s subscribers, or otherwise manipulate metrics in any manner;
misuse any reporting, flagging, complaint, dispute, or appeals process, including by making groundless, vexatious, or frivolous submissions;
run contests on or through the Service that do not comply with YouTube’s contest policies and guidelines;
use the Service to view or listen to Content other than for personal, non-commercial use (for example, you may not publicly screen videos or stream music from the Service); or
use the Service to (a) sell any advertising, sponsorships, or promotions placed on, around, or within the Service or Content, other than those allowed in the Advertising on YouTube policies (such as compliant product placements); or (b) sell advertising, sponsorships, or promotions on any page of any website or application that only contains Content from the Service or where Content from the Service is the primary basis for such sales (for example, selling ads on a webpage where YouTube videos are the main draw for users visiting the webpage).
Reservation
Using the Service does not give you ownership of or rights to any aspect of the Service, including user names or any other Content posted by others or YouTube.
Changes to the Service
YouTube is constantly changing and improving the Service. We may also need to alter or discontinue the Service, or any part of it, in order to make performance or security improvements, change functionality and features, make changes to comply with law, or prevent illegal activities on or abuse of our systems. These changes may affect all users, some users or even an individual user. Whenever reasonably possible, we will provide notice when we discontinue or make material changes to our Service that will have an adverse impact on the use of our Service. However, you understand and agree that there will be times when we make such changes without notice, such as where we feel we need to take action to improve the security and operability of our Service, prevent abuse, or comply with legal requirements. 
Your Content and Conduct
Uploading Content
If you have a YouTube channel, you may be able to upload Content to the Service. You may use your Content to promote your business or artistic enterprise. If you choose to upload Content, you must not submit to the Service any Content that does not comply with this Agreement (including the YouTube Community Guidelines) or the law. For example, the Content you submit must not include third-party intellectual property (such as copyrighted material) unless you have permission from that party or are otherwise legally entitled to do so. You are legally responsible for the Content you submit to the Service. We may use automated systems that analyze your Content to help detect infringement and abuse, such as spam, malware, and illegal content.
Rights you Grant
You retain ownership rights in your Content. However, we do require you to grant certain rights to YouTube and other users of the Service, as described below.
License to YouTube
By providing Content to the Service, you grant to YouTube a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, sublicensable and transferable license to use that Content (including to reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works, display and perform it) in connection with the Service and YouTube’s (and its successors' and Affiliates') business, including for the purpose of promoting and redistributing part or all of the Service.
License to Other Users
You also grant each other user of the Service a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free license to access your Content through the Service, and to use that Content, including to reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works, display, and perform it, only as enabled by a feature of the Service (such as video playback or embeds). For clarity, this license does not grant any rights or permissions for a user to make use of your Content independent of the Service.
Duration of License
The licenses granted by you continue for a commercially reasonable period of time after you remove or delete your Content from the Service. You understand and agree, however, that YouTube may retain, but not display, distribute, or perform, server copies of your videos that have been removed or deleted. 
Removing Your Content
You may remove your Content from the Service at any time. You also have the option to make a copy of your Content before removing it. You must remove your Content if you no longer have the rights required by these terms.
Removal of Content By YouTube
If we reasonably believe that any Content is in breach of this Agreement or may cause harm to YouTube, our users, or third parties, we may remove or take down that Content in our discretion. We will notify you with the reason for our action unless we reasonably believe that to do so: (a) would breach the law or the direction of a legal enforcement authority or would otherwise risk legal liability for YouTube or our Affiliates; (b) would compromise an investigation or the integrity or operation of the Service; or (c) would cause harm to any user, other third party, YouTube or our Affiliates. You can learn more about reporting and enforcement, including how to appeal on the Troubleshooting page of our Help Center.
Copyright Protection
We provide information to help copyright holders manage their intellectual property online in our YouTube Copyright Center. If you believe your copyright has been infringed on the Service, please send us a notice.
We respond to notices of alleged copyright infringement according to the process in our YouTube Copyright Center, where you can also find information about how to resolve a copyright strike. YouTube's policies provide for the termination, in appropriate circumstances, of repeat infringers’ access to the Service.
Account Suspension & Termination
Terminations by You
You may stop using the Service at any time. Follow these instructions to delete the Service from your Google Account, which involves closing your YouTube channel and removing your data. You also have the option to download a copy of your data first.
Terminations and Suspensions by YouTube for Cause
YouTube may suspend or terminate your access, your Google account, or your Google account’s access to all or part of the Service if (a) you materially or repeatedly breach this Agreement; (b) we are required to do so to comply with a legal requirement or a court order; or (c) we believe there has been conduct that creates (or could create) liability or harm to any user, other third party, YouTube or our Affiliates.
Terminations by YouTube for Service Changes
YouTube may terminate your access, or your Google account’s access to all or part of the Service if YouTube believes, in its sole discretion, that provision of the Service to you is no longer commercially viable. 
Notice for Termination or Suspension
We will notify you with the reason for termination or suspension by YouTube unless we reasonably believe that to do so: (a) would violate the law or the direction of a legal enforcement authority, or would otherwise risk legal liability for YouTube or our Affiliates; (b) would compromise an investigation or the integrity or operation of the Service; or (c) would cause harm to any user, other third party, YouTube or our Affiliates. Where YouTube is terminating your access for Service changes, where reasonably possible, you will be provided with sufficient time to export your Content from the Service.
Effect of Account Suspension or Termination
If your Google account is terminated or your Google account’s access to the Service is restricted, you may continue using certain aspects of the Service (such as viewing only) without an account, and this Agreement will continue to apply to such use. If you believe your Google account has been terminated in error, you can appeal using this form.
About Software in the Service
Downloadable Software
When the Service requires or includes downloadable software (such as the YouTube Studio application), you give permission for that software to update automatically on your device once a new version or feature is available, subject to your device settings. Unless that software is governed by additional terms which provide a license, YouTube gives you a personal, worldwide, royalty-free, non-assignable and non-exclusive license to use the software provided to you by YouTube as part of the Service. This license is for the sole purpose of enabling you to use and enjoy the benefit of the Service as provided by YouTube, in the manner permitted by this Agreement. You are not allowed to copy, modify, distribute, sell, or lease any part of the software, or to reverse-engineer or attempt to extract the source code of that software, unless laws prohibit these restrictions or you have YouTube’s written permission.
Open Source
Some software used in our Service may be offered under an open source license that we make available to you. There may be provisions in an open source license that expressly override some of these terms, so please be sure to read those licenses.  
Other Legal Terms
Warranty Disclaimer
OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY STATED IN THIS AGREEMENT OR AS REQUIRED BY LAW, THE SERVICE IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND YOUTUBE DOES NOT MAKE ANY SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS OR WARRANTIES ABOUT THE SERVICE. FOR EXAMPLE, WE DON’T MAKE ANY WARRANTIES ABOUT: (A) THE CONTENT PROVIDED THROUGH THE SERVICE; (B) THE SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE SERVICE, OR ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY, OR ABILITY TO MEET YOUR NEEDS; OR (C) THAT ANY CONTENT YOU SUBMIT WILL BE ACCESSIBLE ON THE SERVICE.  
Limitation of Liability
EXCEPT AS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW, YOUTUBE, ITS AFFILIATES, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES AND AGENTS WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY LOSS OF PROFITS, REVENUES, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES, GOODWILL, OR ANTICIPATED SAVINGS; LOSS OR CORRUPTION OF DATA; INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL LOSS; PUNITIVE DAMAGES CAUSED BY:
ERRORS, MISTAKES, OR INACCURACIES ON THE SERVICE;
PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RESULTING FROM YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE;
ANY UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS TO OR USE OF THE SERVICE;
ANY INTERRUPTION OR CESSATION OF THE SERVICE;
ANY VIRUSES OR MALICIOUS CODE TRANSMITTED TO OR THROUGH THE SERVICE BY ANY THIRD PARTY;
ANY CONTENT WHETHER SUBMITTED BY A USER OR YOUTUBE, INCLUDING YOUR USE OF CONTENT; AND/OR
THE REMOVAL OR UNAVAILABILITY OF ANY CONTENT.
THIS PROVISION APPLIES TO ANY CLAIM, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THE CLAIM ASSERTED IS BASED ON WARRANTY, CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
YOUTUBE AND ITS AFFILIATES’ TOTAL LIABILITY FOR ANY CLAIMS ARISING FROM OR RELATING TO THE SERVICE IS LIMITED TO THE GREATER OF: (A) THE AMOUNT OF REVENUE THAT YOUTUBE HAS PAID TO YOU FROM YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE IN THE 12 MONTHS BEFORE THE DATE OF YOUR NOTICE, IN WRITING TO YOUTUBE, OF THE CLAIM; AND (B) USD $500.
Indemnity
To the extent permitted by applicable law, you agree to defend, indemnify and hold harmless YouTube, its Affiliates, officers, directors, employees and agents, from and against any and all claims, damages, obligations, losses, liabilities, costs or debt, and expenses (including but not limited to attorney's fees) arising from: (i) your use of and access to the Service; (ii) your violation of any term of this Agreement; (iii) your violation of any third party right, including without limitation any copyright, property, or privacy right; or (iv) any claim that your Content caused damage to a third party. This defense and indemnification obligation will survive this Agreement and your use of the Service.
Third-Party Links
The Service may contain links to third-party websites and online services that are not owned or controlled by YouTube. YouTube has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, such websites and online services. Be aware when you leave the Service; we suggest you read the terms and privacy policy of each third-party website and online service that you visit.
About this Agreement
Modifying this Agreement
We may modify this Agreement, for example, to reflect changes to our Service or for legal, regulatory, or security reasons. YouTube will provide reasonable advance notice of any material modifications to this Agreement and the opportunity to review them, except that modifications addressing newly available features of the Service or modifications made for legal reasons may be effective immediately without notice. Modifications to this Agreement will only apply going forward. If you do not agree to the modified terms, you should remove any Content you have uploaded and discontinue your use of the Service.
Continuation of this Agreement
If your use of the Service ends, the following terms of this Agreement will continue to apply to you: “Other Legal Terms”, “About This Agreement”, and the licenses granted by you will continue as described under “Duration of License”.
Severance
If it turns out that a particular term of this Agreement is not enforceable for any reason, this will not affect any other terms.
No Waiver
If you fail to comply with this Agreement and we do not take immediate action, this does not mean that we are giving up any rights that we may have (such as the right to take action in the future).
Interpretation
In these terms, “include” or “including” means “including but not limited to,” and any examples we give are for illustrative purposes.
Governing Law
All claims arising out of or relating to these terms or the Service will be governed by California law, except California’s conflict of laws rules, and will be litigated exclusively in the federal or state courts of Santa Clara County, California, USA. You and YouTube consent to personal jurisdiction in those courts.
Limitation on Legal Action
YOU AND YOUTUBE AGREE THAT ANY CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THE SERVICES MUST COMMENCE WITHIN ONE (1) YEAR AFTER THE CAUSE OF ACTION ACCRUES. OTHERWISE, SUCH CAUSE OF ACTION IS PERMANENTLY BARRED.
Effective as of December 10, 2019 (view previous version)


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